Canada Population by Race

Canada is a diverse country, known for its tolerant culture and multicultural policies. The population of Canada is composed of various racial and ethnic groups. According to the 2016 census, Canada’s population was over 35 million people. The largest ethnicities are European at 49%, Asian at 22% and indigenous groups at 4.9%. Within these broad categories, the specific ethnic origins with the largest populations are Canadian, English, Scottish, French, Irish, German, Chinese, Italian, Indian, and Filipino.

Europeans make up the largest racial group in Canada at 67.2% of the population. The vast majority are of British and French descent. English and Scottish ethnic origins are the most common, with about 1 in 5 Canadians identifying with either origin. The French population is concentrated in Quebec, while British descendants are more widespread across the country. There are also significant communities of Germans, Italians, Ukrainians, and Dutch. In recent decades, Canada has experienced increased immigration from Eastern and Southern Europe.

The Asian population is the fastest growing ethnic group and made up 17.7% of Canada’s population in 2016. The largest subgroups are Chinese, South Asians like Indians and Pakistanis, and Filipinos. The Chinese population is dispersed across urban areas, while South Asians tend to reside primarily in metropolitan cities like Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver. Immigration from Asia has driven much of Canada’s population growth.

Canada’s indigenous population includes First Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples. First Nations account for over two-thirds of indigenous peoples. Over 60% live on reserves or settlements. The indigenous population represents 4.9% of Canada’s total population and is growing at a faster rate than the overall population. However, indigenous peoples face higher rates of unemployment, poverty and incarceration compared to the general population.

Canada has a small population of visible minorities like Blacks, Latin Americans and Arabs. Blacks make up 3.5% of Canada’s population and live primarily in the major cities of Toronto, Montreal and Halifax. The Latin American population is Canada’s fastest growing minority group, now numbering over 1 million people or about 3% of Canada’s population. The Arab population is also growing quickly due to immigration and refugees, now making up 1.2% of the total population, concentrated in Ontario and Quebec.

In conclusion, European ethnic groups continue to comprise the majority of Canada’s population. However, increasing Asian and minority immigration over the past few decades has made the country more diverse and multicultural. Canada’s population growth is largely driven by immigration, with over 75% ofimmigrants coming from non-European countries. This trend is changing the ethnic and racial makeup of Canadian society. Overall, Canada remains a culturally diverse country with many flourishing minority communities.

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